BERA: Concern 2 Automotive Trade: Automotive Historical past

BERA: Concern 2 Automotive Trade: Automotive Historical past

Concern 2: Fall 2004: The Automotive Trade
Up to date: March 2014

Automotive Historical past

The historical past of the car begins with the technological breakthroughs that occurred in Europe throughout the early 1800’s and continues a century later with the pioneering efforts of American manufactures to start mass-producing vehicles. The world financial downturn main as much as World Battle II led to consolidation within the fragmented vehicle manufacturing market, whereas within the Postwar interval, renewed financial development, tv promoting, and a increasing street system accelerated gross sales for vehicle producers in lots of industrialized international locations. Design, service, and pace turned logos of the profitable firms, as proof by the each rising vary of automobile fashions and the rising recognition of NASCAR racing in the US.

Nonetheless, because the trade matured, producers needed to attain an lodging with labor unions, rising authorities controls, and shopper expectations for annual modifications in product design. Commerce conflicts led to Voluntary Export Restraints (VERs) and new questions in regards to the worth of globalization. The auto, whereas offering higher private freedom and financial development, additionally served as the idea for questioning the worth of technological progress. Students thought of the consequences of city sprawl (and the benefits of city planning), and the tradeoffs between financial development, air pollution, and conservation. Subsequent trade mergers, the continuing risk of oil crises, and environmental degradation continues to have an effect on the car trade at the moment.

Commercial for Ford cabriolet from the
Wittemann Assortment
(Library of Congress)
Copy quantity: LC-USZC4-2697

Desk of Contents

Introduction
Automotive Historical past
International Car Trade
    North American Market
    European & Russian Market
    East Asian Market
Car Manufacturing
Retail
Firm Analysis
Statistics
Associations
Trade Information and Evaluation
Digital Assets

The listing of assets under present entry to the wealthy and different literature on vehicle manufacturing and advertising historical past. These titles although are solely illustrative of the favored and scholarly literature that has constructed up over the previous two centuries across the trade.

LC Topic Headings

Extra works referring to automotive historical past within the Library of Congress could also be recognized by looking the On-line Catalog underneath acceptable Library of Congress topic headings. Deciding on the topic headings under will hyperlink you on to the Catalog and robotically execute a seek for the approved topic chosen and the corresponding subdivision.

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Trade Histories

Bak, Richard. Henry and Edsel : The Creation of the Ford Empire. Hoboken, N.J. : Wiley, 2003.
LC Name Quantity: HD9710.U52 F655 2003
LC Catalog Document: 2003004786
Desk of Contents
Writer Description
Contributor biographical info

The continued battle between these two males present the backdrop for explaining the modifications in administration and productiveness at Ford.

Batchelor, Ray. Henry Ford, Mass Manufacturing, Modernism, and Design. Manchester : Manchester College Press, 1994.
LC Name Quantity: HD9710.U52 F662 1994
LC Catalog Document: 94022346

Compares the perceived worth of mass manufacturing and its affect on trade with the realities of the office.

Brown, Lester Russell. The Way forward for the Car in an Oil-Brief World. Washington: Worldwatch Institute, 1979
LC Name Quantity: TL154 .B73
LC Catalog Document: 79067316

One in a collection of works written within the aftermath of the vitality disaster interesting for modifications in vehicle requirements and manufacturing.

Coffey, Frank and Joseph Layden. America on Wheels : The First 100 Years : 1896-1996.
Los Angeles : Common Pub. Group, 1998
LC Name Quantity: TL23 .C595 1998
LC Catalog Document: 98224898

The companion quantity to the PBS documentary highlighting the contributions by previous and current innovators within the trade. Closely illustrated with colour and black-and-white pictures

Davis, Donald Finlay. Conspicuous Manufacturing : Vehicles and Elites in Detroit, 1899-1933. Philadelphia : Temple College Press, 1988.
LC Name Quantity: HD9710.U53 D473 1988
LC Catalog Document: 87026745

Seems to be on the interplay, and subsequent tensions, between the dominant trade and the social elite of Detroit.

Dregni, Eric & Karl Hagstrom Miller. Adverts that Put America on Wheels. Osceola, WI : Motorbooks Worldwide, 1996.
LC Name Quantity: HF6161.A9 D74 1996
LC Catalog Document: 96024918

Chronicles the promoting and promotion campaigns undertaken to mass market vehicles within the American market.

Eckermann, Erik. World Historical past of the Car. Warrendale, PA, Society of Automotive Engineers, 2001.
LC Name Quantity: TL15 .E282413 2001
LC Catalog Document: 2001034148

Measures the technological and enterprise developments in Europe, particularly in Germany, of vehicle manufacturing via the warfare years and later.

Georgano, G.N. & Thorkil Ry Andersen, editors. The New Encyclopedia of Motorcars, 1885 to the Current. New York: Dutton, 1982.
LC Name Quantity: TL15 .N37 1982
LC Catalog Document: 81071857

A core supply offering a complete compilation of vehicle info.

Gudis, Catherine. Buyways : Billboards, Vehicles, and the American Panorama. New York : Routledge, 2004.
LC Name Quantity: HF5843 .G84 2004
LC Catalog Document: 2003017457
Desk of Contents

A cultural historical past that tells the battle between billboard advertisers and the automotive trade on the one hand, and environmentalists on the opposite, for the American imaginative and prescient.

Kirsch David A. Electrical Automobile and the Burden of Historical past. New Brunswick, N.J. : Rutgers College Press, 2000.
LC Name Quantity: TL220 .K57 2000
LC Catalog Document: 99056542

Particulars the historical past of why producers and the general public didn’t settle for the electrical automobile, and reaches a pessimistic conclusion in regards to the expertise’s future.

Lasch, Christopher. The True and Solely Heaven : Progress and Its Critics. New York : Norton, 1991.
LC Name Quantity: E169.1 .L376 1991
LC Catalog Document: 90033714

Lasch questions the desirability and inevitability of progress utilizing the car as a metaphor for among the main societal modifications that happened within the final half of the twentieth century.

Could, George S. Editor. The Car Trade, 1896-1920. New York : Details on File, 1990.
LC Name Quantity: HD9710.U52 A787 1990
LC Catalog Document: 89011672

A typical reference supply for the historical past of Car manufacturing.

Could, George S. Editor. The Car Trade, 1920-1980. New York : Details on File, 1989.
LC Name Quantity: HD9710.U52 A79 1989
LC Catalog Document: 89011671

A typical reference supply for the historical past of Car manufacturing.

Lichtenstein, Nelson and Stephen Meyer. Editors. On the Line : Essays within the Historical past of Auto Work. Urbana : College of Illinois Press, 1989.
LC Name Quantity: HD6515.A8 O5 1989
LC Catalog Document: 88002372

Particulars labor relations within the American vehicle trade via a collection of case research.

Womack, James P. The Machine that Modified the World : Based mostly on the Massachusetts Institute of Know-how 5-million Greenback 5-year Research on the Way forward for the Car. New York : Rawson Associates, 1990.
LC Name Quantity: HD9710.A2 W65 1990
LC Catalog Document: 89063284

In figuring out manufacturing components within the world vehicle manufacturing trade, the authors present perception into what labored, and did not work, for varied vehicle producers.

Commerce Catalogues and the American Dwelling 1850-1950
http://eresources.loc.gov/document=e1002227~S9
Subscription database accessible to onsite patrons or different subscribers.

“The automotive trade in the US was established within the late Eighteen Nineties and, because of a large buyer base and the utilisation of mass manufacturing methods, shortly turned the biggest on this planet. Automotive catalogues and leaflets included on this useful resource chart the rise of this commerce, and have well-known manufacturers resembling Buick, Mercedes-Benz, Chrysler, Chevrolet, Cadillac and Ford. Gadgets from manufacturers resembling Studebaker present the transition from the manufacture of carriages to motorised cars.” – Writer’s description

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Firm Histories

Banham, Russ. The Ford century : Ford Motor Firm and the Improvements that formed the World. New York : Artisan, 2002.
LC Name Quantity: HD9710.U54 F5338 2002
LC Catalog Document: 2002074607

Chronicles the creative and industrial imprint Henry Ford left on his firm.

Beatty, Michael. Studebaker : Lower than They Promised. South Bend, Ind. : And Books, 1984.
LC Name Quantity: HD9710.U54 S825 1985
LC Catalog Document: 84081548

Accounts the conflicts and indecision of the corporate’s management that led to its demise.

Brinkley, Douglas. Wheels for the World : Henry Ford, His Firm, and a Century of Progress, 1903-2003. New York : Viking, 2003.
LC Name Quantity: TL140.F6 B75 2003
LC Catalog Document: 2002033066
Desk of Contents

Scholarly take a look at the social, political, and financial ramifications of the modifications Henry Ford dropped at American trade.

Epstein, Ralph Cecil. The Car Trade: Its Financial and Industrial Improvement. New York, Arno Press, 1928, 1972.
LC Name Quantity: HD9710.U52 E6 1972
LC Catalog Document: 72005045

An early and informative historical past of the expansion of the car historical past and its affect on the world economic system.

Farber, David R. Sloan guidelines : Alfred P. Sloan and the Triumph of Common Motors. Chicago : College of Chicago Press, 2002.
LC Name Quantity: HD9710.U52 S494 2002
LC Catalog Document: 2002004967

Demonstrates the power of 1 particular person to forge the way forward for not solely an organization, but in addition an trade.

Kimes, Beverly Rae, ed. Packard : A Historical past of the Motor Automotive and the Firm. Princeton, N.J. : Princeton Pub., 1978.
LC Name Quantity: HD9710.U54 P37 1978
LC Catalog Document: 78071063

Surveys the panorama of the car trade and one firm’s incapability to navigate successfully during times of upheavals.

Langworth, Richard M. The Full Historical past of Chrysler Company, 1924-1985. New York : Beekman Home, 1985.
LC Name Quantity: HD9710.U54 C468 1985
LC Catalog Document: 85060088

Detailed overview of the corporate, specializing in the assorted speciality divisions inside Chrysler and the businesses profitable petition to the US authorities for $1 billion {dollars} in mortgage ensures to keep away from chapter.

Latham, Caroline and David Agresta. Dodge Dynasty : The Automotive and the Household that Rocked Detroit. San Diego : Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, 1989.
LC Name Quantity: CT274.D62 L38 1989
LC Catalog Document: 88016467

Chronicles the affect of low-cost household vehicles on the American vehicle market.

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Retail Commerce: Historical past

Ealey, Lance A. International Automotive Retailing : A New Perspective. London: Economist Intelligence Unit, 1998.
LC Name Quantity: HD9710.A2 e18 1998
LC Catalog Document: 99172781
Desk of Contents

Highlights current developments within the automotive manufacturing chain all through the world. Chapters on particular international locations or areas start with a brief historical past of automotive retailing in that space os the world.

Genat, Robert. The American Automotive Dealership. Osceola, WI : MBI Pub. Co., 1999.
LC Name Quantity: HD9710.U52 G359 1999
LC Catalog Document: 99032654

Spotlights dealership enterprise practices via the years, from the architectural modifications in showrooms to superstores, and the rising sophistication of advertising techniques.

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Web Assets

Andy’s World Car Trade
http://www.mystd.de/storage//

Benson Ford Analysis Middle
https://www.thehenryford.org/analysis/index.aspx

The Benson Ford Analysis Middle holdings embody the historic information and pictures of Ford Motor Firm and The Henry Ford, the Henry Austin Clark, Jr., Automotive Historical past Assortment, and different main holdings in automotive, industrial, social and cultural American historical past.

Automotive Historical past. Bentley Historic Library, College of Michigan – Ann Arbor. (archived)
http://internet.archive.org/internet/20160313232845/http://bentley.umich.edu/legacy-support/automotive/

The Middle for the Research of Automotive Heritage, College of Michigan – Dearborn.
http://library.umd.umich.edu/archon/?p=collections/findingaid&id=28&q=&rootcontentid=11802

Dealership Competitors within the U.S. Car Trade.
http://www.reu.com/samples_pwd/03-ramrattan.pdf [PDF format: 389 KB / 13 p.]

Early Vehicles: Reality Sheet for Youngsters by the Smithsonian
http://www.si.edu/Encyclopedia_SI/nmah/earlycars.htm

The Evolution of the U.S. Car Trade and Detroit as its Capital.
http://ftp.zew.de/pub/zew-docs/entrepreneurship/klepper.pdf [PDF format: 293 KB / 53 p.]

The Historical past of the Car: Studying Listing by the Smithsonian.
http://www.si.edu/Encyclopedia_SI/nmah/autohist.htm

Freeway Historical past Bibliography
http://www.fhwa.dot.gov/infrastructure/biblio.cfm

Mileposts of Car Historical past
https://internet.archive.org/internet/…/mileposts/1900.htm

You may study vital occasions and details in vehicle historical past for 1900. That is an archived web page.

Society of Automotive Historians, Inc.
http://www.autohistory.org/

Taking the Wheel (from NYPL)
http://digitalgallery.nypl.org/nypldigital/discover/…col_id=153

It is a digitial assortment of producers’ catalogs from the first decade of American cars

Final Up to date: 01/17/2020

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